Project, Bachelor and Master theses

The Chair of Fluid Mechanics offers various opportunities for students to participate in teaching and research activities within its main research areas.

Contact for numerical theses: Dr.-Ing. M. Meinke

Contact for experimental theses: Dr.-Ing. M. Klaas

Some examples of experimental and numerical project, bachelor and master theses are listed below.

Offered projects, bachelors theses, and masters theses:

Topics in multiphase flow simulations using the Lattice Boltzmann MethodnumDownload
Using super-resolution networks to generate highly resolved computed tomography images from recordings with low resolutionsnumDownload
Numerische Analyse partikelbeladener turbulenter StrömungennumDownload
Fast alle Strömungen, die in der Umwelt und Technik vorkommen, sind turbulent. Jedoch ist bereits die numerische Simulation einphasiger turbulenter Strömungen aufwendig, wobei es viele erfolgreiche Modellierungsansätze gibt. Eine noch größere Herausforderung besteht hingegen in der numerischen Analyse partikelbeladener turbulenter Strömungen. Trotz ihrer hohen Relevanz in Umwelt und Technik, sind vorhandene Modelle nur für vereinfachte Bedingungen gültig und eine Validierung steht oft noch aus. Ein wichtiger Anwendungsfall ist die numerische Auslegung einer Biomasse-Brennkammer. Dabei ist die Bestimmung der Aufheizraten, der Dynamik, und der turbulenten Durchmischung nicht-sphärischer Partikel entscheidend um den gesamten Verbrennungsprozess zuverlässig auszulegen. Die Generierung von hoch-aufgelösten Referenzdaten mit Hilfe von Simulationen und die Entwicklung von genauen Modellen für Anwender, sowie deren Validierung sind aktuelle Forschungsvorhaben, die am Aerodynamischen Institut intensiv verfolgt werden. Für dieses Projekt sind wir auf der Suche nach motivierten Masterarbeitern.
Aeroacoustic simulation of moving rigid bodies via lattice Boltzmann methodnumDownload
The lattice Boltzmann method features good parallelization properties as well as low dissipation and dispersion errors making it suitable for computing the turbulent flow as well as the acoustic far field at once. In the case of a rotor-wing configuration there is no frame of reference in which neither the wing nor the rotor do not move relatively. Hence, additional challenges arise from treating the boundary condition of the solid surface traveling across the computational grid, e.g., refilling emerging cells without introducing spurious noise in performance wise efficient manner. This thesis builds up on foregoing work evaluating different refilling schemes for academic two-dimensional flow cases. The most promising one will be chosen and extended to three dimension. Here, performance optimization from algorithmic as well as from implementation point view are essential to apply the methodology to validation cases from the literature.
Machine learning-based prediction of forces in Lagrangian point-particle approachesnumDownload
Particle laden turbulent flows play an import- ant role in many technical fields such as drug de- position in human airways, or the combustion of solid biofuels. To simulate these problems, two dif- ferent approaches are available: The fully resol- ved direct numerical simulation (DNS), where all features of the flow field including the surface of the particles are resolved, and the Lagrangian point-particle approach, where empirical models are used to determine the forces acting on each particle. Due to the high computational costs of the DNS approach, reduced order point-particle models are indispensable for the simulation of lar- ge scale technical applications. These models pro- duce good results for very small particles but lead to significant errors for larger ones. In this thesis, data from a DNS will be used to train an artificial neural network (ANN) which predicts the forces acting on a particle in a reduced order point-particle model. In a first step, fully re- solved simulations with many particles have to be performed to extract the local flow field and force data for each particle, resulting in a large databa- se for the determination of new point-particle mo- dels. In the second stage, the ANN is trained based on this database, where velocity data from a par- ticle’s surrounding flow field function as input, the acting force as output, and the acting forces from the DNS as ground truth. In a final step, it is inve- stigated how transfer learning improves the pre- dictive capabilities of the ANN. That is, the ANN is pre-trained with ground truth data from empi- rical drag laws, and the highly resolved data from the DNS are employed solely in the final training iterations.
Machine learning-based modeling of non-equilibrium chemical reaction rates for the computation of hydrogen-air flamesnumDownload
Hydrogen combustion is shaping to be an im- portant component for the future of electricity grids based on renewable energies. Combustion si- mulations solve the mass, momentum and energy equations in addition to equations describing the reaction kinetics and transport of species. The- se additional equations are, in general, expensive to solve when compared to the non-reacting flow equations. In order to reduce computational expense, some simplified alternatives exist, like skeletal reaction mechanisms or two-step chemistry. If one desires to use the complete, relevant reaction chain, tabu- lated chemistry or machine learning models are a good alternative and a good compromise between accuracy and efficiency. In this context, four ty- pes of machine learning algorithms are employed. The first algorithm maps each location in the high- dimensional flow domain to a low-dimensional sub- space. With the second algorithm, representations in the low-dimensional subspace are clustered into regions of different thermochemical equilibrium. A classifier is then trained to classify new points into You ... these regions. Finally, reaction kinetics and trans- port species are learned for each cluster by artificial neural networks. The main tasks of the thesis are to (1) im- plement the proposed machine learning-based me- thod, and (2) compare the accuracy and speed of the proposed method compared to solving the re- acting flow equations, chemical kinetics and trans- port phenomena directly.
Numerical analysis of control of shock-wave / boundary layer interaction using air-jet vortex-generatorexpDownload
Multiphysics simulations with applications to aeroacousticsnumDownload
Injection and Turbulent Mixture Formation of Bio-Hybrid Fuels in Internal Combustion EnginesnumDownload
Active drag reduction in turbulent boundary layer flows subjected to spanwise traveling transversal surface waves using learning-enhanced CFDnumDownload
Thermoacoustic Investigations of Hydrogen-Air FlamesnumDownload
Researching the multiphase flows of the Precise Electrochemical Machining (PECM) processnumDownload